FAQ- Payment Of Tax

What are the main features of GST payment process?

Ans. The payment processes under proposed GST regime will have the following features:

  • Electronically generated challan from GSTN Common Portal in all modes of payment and no use of manually prepared challan;
  • Facilitation for the taxpayer by providing hassle free, anytime, anywhere mode of payment of tax;
  • Convenience of making payment online;
  • Logical tax collection data in electronic format;
  • Faster remittance of tax revenue to the Government Account;
  • Paperless transactions;
  • Speedy Accounting and reporting;
  • Electronic reconciliation of all receipts;
  • Simplified procedure for banks;
  • Warehousing of Digital Challan.

What are the Payments to be made in GST regime?

Ans. In the GST regime, for any intra-state supply, taxes to be paid are the Central GST (CGST, going into the account of the Central Government) and the State GST (SGST, going into the account of the concerned State Government). For any inter-state supply, tax to be paid is Integrated GST (IGST) which will have components of both CGST and SGST. In addition, certain categories of registered persons will be required to pay to the government account Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) and Tax Collected at Source (TCS). In addition, wherever applicable, Interest, Penalty, Fees and any other payment will also be required to be made.

How can payment be done?

Ans. Payment can be done by the following methods:

  1. Through debit of Credit Ledger of the taxpayer main tained on the Common Portal- ONLY Tax can be paid. Interest, Penalty and Fees cannot be paid by debit in the credit ledger. Tax payers shall be allowed to take credit of taxes paid on inputs (input tax credit) and utilize the same for payment of output tax. However, no input tax credit on account of CGST shall be utilized towards payment of SGST and vice versa. The credit of IGST would be permitted to be utilized for payment of IGST, CGST and SGST in that order.
  2. In cash by debit in the Cash Ledger of the taxpayer maintained on the Common Portal. Money can be de posited in the Cash Ledger by different modes, namely, E-Payment (Internet Banking, Credit Card, Debit Card); Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS)/ National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT); Over the Counter Payment in branches of Banks Authorized to accept deposit of GST.

When is payment of taxes to be made by the Supplier?

Ans. Payment of taxes by the normal taxpayer is to be done on monthly basis by the 20th of the succeeding month. Cash payments will be first deposited in the Cash Ledger and the taxpayer shall debit the ledger while making payment in the monthly returns and shall reflect the relevant debit entry number in his return. As mentioned earlier, payment can also be debited from the Credit Ledger. Payment of taxes for the month of March shall be paid by the 20th of April. Composition tax payers will need to pay tax on quarterly basis. Timing of payment will be from 0000 Hrs to 2000 Hrs.

Whether time limit for payment of tax can be extended or paid in monthly installments?

Ans. No, this is not permitted in case of self-assessed liability. In other cases, competent authority has been empowered to extend the time period or allow payment in installments. (Section 74 of MGL).

What happens if the taxable person files the return but does not make payment of tax?

Ans. In such cases, the return is not considered as a valid return. It is only the valid return that would be used for allowing input tax credit (ITC) to the recipient. In other words, unless the supplier has paid the entire self-assessed tax and filed his return and the recipient has filed his return, the ITC of the recipient would not be confirmed.

Who is liable to pay GST?

Ans. In general the supplier of goods or service is liable to pay GST. However in specified cases like imports and other notified supplies, the liability may be cast on the recipient under the reverse charge mechanism. Further, in some cases, the liability to pay is on the third person (say in the case of e-commerce operator responsible for TCS or Government Department responsible for TDS).

When is GST payment to be done by the taxable person?

Ans. At the time of supply of Goods as explained in Section 12 and at the time of supply of services as explained in Section 13. The time is generally the earliest of one of the three events, namely receiving payment, issuance of invoice or completion of supply. Different situations envisaged and different tax points have been explained in the aforesaid sections.

 



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